Section Menu

Protestation Returns 1641-42 for Kingston Bagpuize

1641 oath of allegiance to Crown, Parliament and the Protestant religion

In July 1641, a resolution of Parliament requested all males over 18 years to take an oath of allegiance in support of the Crown, Parliament and the Protestant religion, to oppose the 'plots and conspiracies of priests and Jesuits' that were allegedly subverting the kingdom. Lists of those taking the oath were prepared in each parish, usually by the parish incumbent or clerk, but some lists consist of men's signatures [or illiterate men's marks]. These lists were sent to Parliament in 1642.Most men took the oath and those who refused to sign [mostly non-conformist] were sometimes also listed so that for some areas the surviving records constitute an almost complete census of adult males.Surviving Protestation Returns are held in the House of Lords Record Office; arranged by county, hundred and parish. See Jeremy Gibson 'Protestation Returns' and Mark D.Herber 'Ancestral Trails 'Oaths, Taxation and Insurance Records'

The Oath

I, _________ do, in the presence of Almighty God, promise, vow and protest to maintain and defend, as far as lawfully I may, with my Life, Power, and Estate, the true Reformed Protestant Religion, expressed in the Doctrine of the Church of England, against all Popery and Popish Innovations, within this Realm, contrary to the same Doctrine, and according to the duty of my Allegiance, His Majesty's Royal Person, Honour and Estate, as also the Power and Privileges of Parliaments, the lawful Rights and Liberties of the Subjects, and every person that maketh this Protestation, in whatsoever he shall do in the lawful pursuance of the same; and to my power, and as far as lawfully I may, I will oppose and by all good Ways and Means endeavour to bring to condign Punishment all such as shall, either by Force, Practice, Councels, Plots, Conspiricies, or otherwise, do any Thing to the contrary of any Thing in this present Protestation contained: and further, that I shall, in all just and honourable ways, endeavour to preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland: and neither for Hope, Fear nor other Respect, shall relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestation.

~ ~


The incumbents of every parish in the country had the duty of ensuring all of their parishioners signed the oath. Records of everyone who did, and didn't, were returned to Parliament in 1641. Those who refused to sign were known as Recusants.

The term "recusant" meant a non-conformist, one obstinate in refusal, especially to comply with the Anglican Church ritual, one who refused to acknowledge the supremacy of the sovereign in religious matters.

1641-42 Protestation Returns for Kingston Bagpuize

Abingdon Division [2] Hundred de Ocke, The p'ish of Kingston Bagpuize

John S[t]one Minister
Francis Yeat Constable
John Wheeler, John Stevenson [Stevinson], Churchwardens
John S[t]one, John May, Overseers
Kingston Bagpuize Comite. Barks. 1641, March 6th
Abingdon Division
fol27r, col1
Richard Castell Richard Stone
Robert Stevinsonn James Steninsonn
John Gould Facke Sexton
Arthur Stevinsonn Thomas Haynes
Andrew Stevinsonn William Day
Hughe Ceely John Rhoades
William Lovesley Daniell Eustus
Thomas Draper Andrew Stone
Wiliam Heycraft Christopher Keene
Mathew Roberts Edward Broman
Richard Morris James Burgis
William Ingram Andrew Steven
John Drew  
[fol27r, col2]  
Cutbeard Drew William Downe
William Walter Thomas Tame
William Tomkins John Wiblin
William Buckley John Clarke
John Tubb Thomas Woodbridge

All these have taken the protestation made by the Honourable house of Commons Assembled in Parliament on Sunday the 6th of March

John Stone, Curate ibid ; The marke of John Wheeler; John Stevinson, guard; the marke of Francis Yeat Constable.


Ingenious tips on taking your research back to the English Civil War and beyond. by Else Churchill, Society of Genealogists.