Census for the parishes of Kingston Bagpuize, Draycott Moor [aka Southmoor], & Longworth.

Census Information showing population of the parishes.

The Census records for England and Wales from 1841 to 1911 are available online. These are a great source of information on the people who lived in this country in the past. Their occupations reveal a great deal about the form of employment, and the numbers of children in a household give an understanding of how hard life was and how every penny counted.

Censuses of population have been taken from ancient times, such as the one recorded in the Bible at the time of the birth of Jesus.  Later on in England an important census, the Domesday, was carried out in 1086.  The first official census of England and Wales was carried out on 10th March 1801. This census count revealed a total population of England and Wales including the Channel Isles and the Isle of Man was under 9 million and by 1851 had increased to 18 million.

The Freedom of Information Act 2000 has had a great effect on what we are now allowed to view. Because of this things have moved rapidly in the genealogy world in these past years, to put the census and many other images online. This has made the information available in most public libraries, and for a subscription fee, online for anyone with a computer. This has been a wonderful advancement for family and local historians.  If you haven't yet managed to use the online UK Census, you are able to try it out for two weeks for free at Ancestry.co.uk and Findmypast.

There has been a census every ten years since 1801, excluding 1941. However, only those that date from 1841 are of real value to the family historian. The administration of the early census returns 1801,1811,1821 and 1831 was the responsibility of the Overseers of the Poor and the clergy, and in most cases have not survived.

Most of these early returns were unfortunately destroyed, although in some isolated instances they have been preserved, and are usually found amongst the parish chest.  Whether your parish of interest has any early census returns will be known to the local Record Office. The census returns for 1841 were the first to be kept and, as far as the general public is concerned, the information is released after a closure period of one hundred years.

From 1841 census the names of the people in each household were included in the record and were collected centrally. The administration passed into the hands of the Registrar General and the Superintendent Registrars, who were responsible for the registration of births, marriages and deaths.

The 1841 census returns do not state the relationship between the people in each household. Although these can be inferred you should not make assumptions without other evidence. Marital status is not shown. Ages of persons recorded were 'rounded down' in the 1841 census. Those under the age of 15 were recorded correctly, but above that age, their ages were shown as rounded down to the nearest five. Anyone aged from 15 to 19 is listed as age 15, anyone from 20 to 24 is shown as 20, etc. The place of Birth is not shown although indication as to born in or out of the county is shown.

It is worth reading here about the Census.

The Chapman County Code is a standard abbreviations for British counties, well used by family historians, partucularly in transcriptions.The Chapman County Code is shown here.

Links to the Census on this site.

Links to the National Census on other sites.

Links to web sites with Census information.

Other types of records which record people's names.

Names, Names, Names, Lots of other names.